Embroidery has been a medium through which Ukrainian women have shown their innate love of beauty. In different regions of the country different styles, patterns, and colours were used to decorate clothing, towels (rushnyky) and ecclesiastical vestments. Though many stitches are now considered to be typically Ukrainian, some were not introduced and adapted by the women until late in the nineteenth century. The cross-stitch, for example, was introduced by way of France and Germany and was universally adopted in Ukraine. The three most widely used stitches in Ukraine are zavolinkania, nyzynka, and nabyruvania. (Excerpt from Ukrainian Canadiana, published by the Ukrainian Women's Association of Canada, Edmonton Alberta, 1976)